Burma’s Yadana gas pipeline, run by the two companies along with Thai firm PTTEP, made billions of dollars for the military leaders, the Paris-based group EarthRights International said, citing data from the firms.
The NGO also branded the companies complicit in human rights abuses such as targeted killings and forced labour at the pipeline.
It said Chevron, Total and PTTEP have generated US$9 billion dollars from Burma’s Yadana gas pipeline since 1998, more than half of which has gone straight to the ruling junta.
“The companies are financing the world’s newest nuclear threat with multi-billion dollar payments,” EarthRights said in a statement. “The funds have enabled the country’s autocratic junta to maintain power and pursue an expensive, illegal nuclear weapons programme.”
The US has voiced concerns about Burma’s cooperation with alleged nuclear proliferator North Korea after DVB said Burma was trying to build an atomic bomb. The Burmese government last month dismissed the claims as “baseless.”
EarthRights said its investigations showed gas revenue had found its way into offshore bank accounts and alleged they were destined to buy arms and nuclear technology.
Citing testimony by residents and refugees, also alleged: “The oil companies are complicit in targeted killings of two ethnic Mon villagers and in ongoing forced labour. These violent abuses were committed by Burma army soldiers providing security for the companies and the pipeline within the last year.”
EarthRights demanded the companies publish details of their payments to Burma’s leaders. “Now is the time for the international community to focus on the Burmese
generals’ nerve center, its gas revenues,” it said.
The report included responses by Chevron and Total, which said they favoured transparency but were prevented from publishing certain details.
“Chevron respects human rights in the communities and countries where we
operate,” the US company’s response said. “Chevron’s subsidiary in Myanmar [Burma] conducts its business consistent with US laws and regulations,” it added, but said “contractual obligations” prevented it from publishing details of payments.
EarthRights cited a statement by Total which said the company supported transparency and human rights but was bound to respect Burma’s will when it came to keeping payments confidential.
“Total respects state sovereignty and refrains from intervening in the political process,” said a statement, cited in EarthRights’ report. “As a result, Total cannot disclose any financial or contractual information if the host country is opposed to such disclosure.”